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Themes - History

'S-Hertogenbosch was founded as a town in the territory of Orthen, a former estate of the Graven of Leuven. At the site was previously a commercial settlement block, which is remarkable because most places at that time in a monastery or agricultural settlement arose. Soon after the formation of the settlement, Duke Godfrey III of Leuven granted the city rights in 1184. The earliest entry in the documents is from 1196. In those days it was not very common these rights explicit commitments and many other (new) cities in the Netherlands took the city Bossche written law as an example. The year 1184 can be seen from the chronogram Godefridus dux e Silva fecit oppidum. where i, l, m and u / v are added 1184.

De town houses on the right wore the character of a fortified city that was probably the main reason for the Duke to the city almost immediately town rights. 'S-Hertogenbosch had become a military base, that of the Meuse a defensible northern border could make. The city would also be a base and protection against Gelre and Holland types. The first remains of the fortress wall, a walled area not much larger than the immediate vicinity of the market, are still visible in several places: the watergate where Dieze came into town is the largest remnant. Also from the Leuven Gate still remains to be seen. The construction of the fortifications began soon after the founding of the city and was completed around 1225. Meanwhile, the city was protected by an earthen rampart with palisades. In 1203, the town was still poorly protected from Heusden by a joint expedition of Gelre and Holland burned.